Restoring Common Ground in Bosnia and Herzegovina

© Project V Architecture / Most Mira Restoring Common Ground In Bosnia and Herzegovina Most Mira Peace Centre Type Architecture, building and civil engineering Region Europe City Prijedor Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Client Most Mira Main Authors Vernes Causevic / Project V Architecture (Architect), Kemal Pervanic / Most Mira (“Bridge of Peace”) (Investor) , Further Author Martin Rauch / Lehm Ton Erde (Rammed Earth Specialist) , Consultants Tarik Turkovic, Ferida Medic / T&E Engineering (structural), Adem Hajrovic / Polyplan (mechanical), Hamdija Torlak / Electra (electrical), Selim Causevic / HP Projekt (hydro), Client Trustees Kemal Pervanic, Kirsteen Tait, Sue Macmillan, Tony Faint, Neven Andjelic, Ray Portelli, Duncan Stewart, Kishan Monacha Capital Committee Dr. John Clarke, Prof. Robert Mull, Catherine Knight-Sands, Kirsteen Tait Collaborators Lucy Dinnen / Project V Architecture, Thomas Honnermann / Lehm Ton Erde, Tim Coles, Melika Konjicanin Workshop Nadja Kunic, Adriana Keast, Nikola Vojnovic, Nikolina Denadija, Rada Latinovic, Admir Islamcevic, Participants Nemanja Cado, Leonar Stieger, Anna-Pia-Rauch, Lehm Ton Erde, Goran Matanovic, Goran Kunic, Kunic Gradnja, Malina Cvoro, DajanaPapaz, Emina Cickusic, Emina Osivcic, Kenan Muslic, Milica Boric, Nedzla Seferovic, Zivko Vasiljevic, Zoran Uljarevic, Ben Moore, Ibrica Jašarević, Asmir Mutevelić, Vedad Islambegović, Sabina Filipovic, Deniz Mahmutovic, Nikola Ostojic, Harun Sabljakovic Status of planning Outline Planning Permission Granted, Final Technical Design Complete, Construction Permit Submission in Process (Jan 2021) Planned start March/April 2021 Project background Private commission Site Location Kevljani, Prijedor Latitude 44.922929 Longitude 16.874571 Elevation 174m Awards Collegium Artisticum 2018 BiH Architecture Award - 1st prize in Ideas Category GFA 524.00 sq m GV 1655.00 cu m Construction costs 350,000 USD Site area 1195.00 sq m Building Footprint 400.00 sq m Building height 7.55 m Building depth 0.8 m View of the existing building and site, from the crossroads between the two villages (above) Photo credit: Tim Coles / Most Mira View of the proposed building, from the crossroads between the two villages (above) Project Summary This rammed earth Peace Centre is a beacon of peace and sustainability in the Balkans, which transforms a war-ruined house into a vibrant public destination for arts and reconciliation activities, for charity “Most Mira” (“Bridge of Peace”). The site sits between two divided villages: Petrov Gaj (Bosnian Serbs) and Kevljani (“Bosniaks” / Bosnian Muslims), near the former Omarska Concentration Camp. Since 2009, Most Mira have brought over a thousand young people and volunteers of all ethnicities to this site, though festivals and regular arts, theatre and peace-building programmes. The centre will give Most Mira a permanent home to run year-round activities. The design is developed as part of a participatory architecture program embedded in the local community. Funding for the construction ($385,000) was raised between 2016-2019. In a society that is deeply divided and traumatised, peace must be built slowly and in a holistic way. Designing Peace relies on lived experience, knowledge and sensitivity to the intricate relationships between place, trauma, heritage and youth innocence and aspirations. It requires an implicit understanding of how physical matter links to memory and mental wellbeing. A dynamic relationship between the material, social and spatial through the architectural design, planning and construction process. We have devised a way for the community to ‘inhabit’ this process. The building already exists in our collective minds, through models, drawings and conversations. We shape it with each word and action. We are working with young people to build peace with each other and with the Earth, from the “Ground Up”. 1 300 l odvod u podu el. ormar i z mjenjiva č 7 1 500 l bunar novi mural na očuvanim zidovima javno dvorište / ljetno kino novi otvor i klupa u očuvanom zidu terasa fleksibilno pozorište / sala ulazni hol / recepcija glavni ulaz wc / tuš umjetnički studio kancelarija zanatska radionica (i sanitarni čvor) ostava ispod čajna kuhinja pred-ulaz backstage flexibilna bina (ravna) minibus nusprostorija ostava uslužni ulaz složeni stolovi ostava složene stolice ostava kotlovnica ostava ispod 0 0 PROJECT V ARCHITECTURE MOST MIRA YOUTH CENTRE HfeZ]bgdlb <^gmZk Most Mira - Arhitektura kao Proces *+)%&<*1*!C%#F:!<9 ç #)!>%#0#$;F:)!C#%*:<&!9! E&+&0&!F:$;1%9F,*-# bunar postojeći mural novi mural na očuvanim zidovima javno dvorište / ljetno kino novi otvor i očuvanom zidu terasa fleksibilno pozorište / sala recepcija / čajna kuhinja glavni ulaz wc / tuš umjetnički studio kancelarija zanatska radionica Most Mira Art Festival Most Mira Art Festival Most Mira Art Festival Most Mira takes ownership of future Centre location and begins regular Humanity in Action program Most Mira begins regular program of Drama Most Mira Young Architects Workshop with architects and students from UK and BiH, contextual research in Kevljani and Prijedor First Exhibition and Public Consultation with the youth and local community for the Most Mira Youth Centre project in Kevljani. Second Exhibition and Design Consultation with students of architecture from Banja Luka, at the Music Pavillion, Banja Luka. Third Exhibition and Public Consultation with youth and local community in Prijedor Theatre, alongside the yearly production. Most Mira Design Workshop and Developing Feasibility Design options with local engineers and students, Prijedor. Meeting with experts for earth construction Lehm Ton Erde and researching buildings built from rammed earth in Austria and Switzerland. Construction planned to start March / April 2021, following tender process Workshop for research and design with students and young architects from Banja Luka (5), Sarajevo (5) and UK (2), in Kevljani, Prijedor. Student Design Workshop with students from Banja Luka and UK, and design workshop with Lehm Ton Erde in Schlins, Austria. Architectural and Graphic Design Workshop with students, young architects and a graphic designers from Banja Luka and London. Workshop for Sourcing Earth Samples from 10 locations from Prijedor, Omarska and Kevljani. Preparation of samples for preliminary testing. 5 day Rammed Earth Prototyping Residency with Lehm Ton Erde, 12 Students from Banja Luka, Sarajevo and London. Testing Samples at the Institute of Materials Banja Luka and commenced preparation of Technical Design for Building Permit. Fundraising, re-structuring Most Mira organisation, forming of Capital Committee. Appointing Engineering Consultants for Detailed Design Stage. Finalising Technical Design. Renewed Outline Planning Permit. Preparation of Construction Permit Submission. Preliminary compression strength testing of samples in Prijedor. 4 different mixtures with material from 10 locations. Fourth Exhibition and Public Consultation with youth and local community in Prijedor Theatre, alongside yearly production. Lectures and Presentations about the Most Mira project for fundraising in London. Outline Planning Permit Granted Preparing the Concept Design, Expert Opinions and Outline Planning Permission Detailed Design Development, preparing the Developed Design for costing, building permit and preparing material for crowdfunding. Participatory Process and Educational Workshops 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Most Mira Peace Centre Project Begins 2014 2014 2014 2014 2015 2015 2015 2015 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2017 2018 2017 2018 2019 2020 Young people from divided communities reconstruct a 1:25 scale 3D ‘Jigsaw’ model of the existing ruin, (above) Photo credit: Nikola Vojnovic / Most Mira Young Architects Workshops surveying the site (above) Photo credits: Kemal Pervanic / Most Mira Photos and sketches from Interactive Travelling Exhibition, Postcards and Public Consultations in Kevljani, Prijedor and Banja Luka (above) Photo credit: Nikola Vojnovic / Most Mira, Sketches credit: Various Architecture students of Banja Luka Faculty of Architecture / Most Mira 5 day on-site rammed earth building residency with students, architects, residents and Lehm Ton Erde, (above) Photo credit: Adriana Keast / Most Mira