Global Holcim Awards finalist 2015

PROTECTIVE WING 7 I 7 Chiang Mai Bird Sanctuary has been developed with the aim to serve beyond bird haven. It first will supplement the avian habitats that have been encroached by human settlement, however, the project will serve multiple ecosystem functions: ECOSYSTEM SERVICES PROSPECTIVE BIRDS EXISTING BIRDS CHIANGMAI BIRD SANCTUARY "The Chiang Mai Bird Sanctuary is created not only to supplement the avian habitats that have been taken away by human, but also to act as “catalyst” for people to realize how magnificent these flying species are, how they have been troubled by us and how we could share this world with them." Contextual & Aesthetic Impact "BRICK & PALM TRANSFORM OVERTIME" Buildings of bricks & palm highlight local landscape with innovative construction techniques. Each tower & pavilion transforms over time, integrating flora and fauna, natural materials with natural bird habitats, resulting in gentle and ecologically rich architecture. Environmental quality & Resource Efficiency "URBAN SPRAWL LEAVING BIRDS WITHOUT HABITAT" Population growth & urban sprawl have encroached on flat terrains, leaving birds & animals without habitat. Chiang Mai Bird Sanctuary is designed to serve local communities and bird population by reclaiming failed real estates and reusing existing structures. In addition, palm fiber wastes are used for building enclosure since more than 5 million tons of palm bunches are discarded annually in Thailand. Its high insulating capability, compatibility with nature and moisture retention capability make palm bunches ideal for energy efficiency and eco-friendly architecture. 1-Producers the bird found in the vicinity is part of an ecological balance. Birds help pollinate plants such as Nectariniajugularis— allowing plants to multiply, keeping flora diversity 2-Distributors birds help distribute plant seeds to wider areas through excretion such as Pycnonotusblanfordi, Pycnonotusaaurigaster, Magalaimahaemacephala and Dicaeumcruentatum—allowing diverse plants to disperse widely to support larger ecosystems 3-Food Suppliers When ripen fruits fall to ground, they further provide feeds to other small fauna such as earthworms and micro-organisms —making the ground fertile for plants to grow. These birds include Pycnonotusblanfordi, Pycnonotusaurigaster, Megalaimahaemacephala, Dicaeumcruentatum, Aegithinatiphia, Maacronumgularis and Ficedulaalbicilla. 4-Consumers Birds eat pests, snails and worms which help reduce pesticide used by human and minimize overpopulation of insects. 5-Controllers Large birds hunts smaller birds to keep balance of the overall bird population such as Elanuscaeruleus and Pemisptilorhynchus. Raptors also hunts small animals or snails in the water and on the ground. This is particularly vital to rice farming since Applesnails are destructive to rice growing. 6-Decomposers Many species of birds survive on eating carcasses such as Centropussinensis and Coraciasbenghalensis— closing the loop of eco-system supply chain. WORKSHOP